IEEE/The Open Group
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer’s Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
sys/shm.h — XSI shared memory facility
The <sys/shm.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants:
The <sys/shm.h> header shall define the following data types through typedef:
The <sys/shm.h> header shall define the shmid_ds structure, which shall include the following members:
|SHM_RDONLY||Attach read-only (else read-write).|
|SHM_RND||Round attach address to SHMLBA.|
|SHMLBA||Segment low boundary address multiple.|
|shmatt_t||Unsigned integer used for the number of current attaches that must be able to store values at least as large as a type unsigned short.|
struct ipc_perm shm_perm Operation permission structure. size_t shm_segsz Size of segment in bytes. pid_t shm_lpid Process ID of last shared memory operation. pid_t shm_cpid Process ID of creator. shmatt_t shm_nattch Number of current attaches. time_t shm_atime Time of last shmat(). time_t shm_dtime Time of last shmdt(). time_t shm_ctime Time of last change by shmctl().
The <sys/shm.h> header shall define the pid_t, size_t, and time_t types as described in <sys/types.h>.
The following shall be declared as functions and may also be defined as macros. Function prototypes shall be provided.
void *shmat(int, const void *, int); int shmctl(int, int, struct shmid_ds *); int shmdt(const void *); int shmget(key_t, size_t, int);
In addition, the <sys/shm.h> header shall include the <sys/ipc.h> header.
The following sections are informative.
The System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1-2008, shmat(), shmctl(), shmdt(), shmget()
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
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