IEEE/The Open Group
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer’s Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
sys/wait.h — declarations for waiting
The <sys/wait.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants for use with waitpid():
The <sys/wait.h> header shall define the following macros for analysis of process status values:
The <sys/wait.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants as possible values for the options argument to waitid():
The WCONTINUED and WNOHANG constants, described above for waitpid(), can also be used with waitid().
|WCONTINUED||Report status of continued child process.|
|WNOHANG||Do not hang if no status is available; return immediately.|
|WUNTRACED||Report status of stopped child process.|
|WEXITSTATUS||Return exit status.|
|WIFCONTINUED||True if child has been continued.|
|WIFEXITED||True if child exited normally.|
|WIFSIGNALED||True if child exited due to uncaught signal.|
|WIFSTOPPED||True if child is currently stopped.|
|WSTOPSIG||Return signal number that caused process to stop.|
|WTERMSIG||Return signal number that caused process to terminate.|
|WEXITED||Wait for processes that have exited.|
|WNOWAIT||Keep the process whose status is returned in infop in a waitable state.|
|WSTOPPED||Status is returned for any child that has stopped upon receipt of a signal.|
The type idtype_t shall be defined as an enumeration type whose possible values shall include at least the following: P_ALL P_PGID P_PID
The <sys/wait.h> header shall define the id_t and pid_t types as described in <sys/types.h>.
The <sys/wait.h> header shall define the siginfo_t type as described in <signal.h>.
Inclusion of the <sys/wait.h> header may also make visible all symbols from <signal.h>.
The following shall be declared as functions and may also be defined as macros. Function prototypes shall be provided.
pid_t wait(int *); int waitid(idtype_t, id_t, siginfo_t *, int); pid_t waitpid(pid_t, int *, int);
The following sections are informative.
The System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1-2008, wait(), waitid()
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .