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GNU coreutils 8.32
March 2020


The basic file, shell and text manipulation utilities of the GNU operating system


coreutils common optional components


Documentation for the GNU Core Utilities


install - copy files and set attributes


install [\,OPTION\/]... [\,-T\/] \,SOURCE DEST\/
install [\,OPTION\/]... \,SOURCE\/... \,DIRECTORY\/
install [\,OPTION\/]... \,-t DIRECTORY SOURCE\/...
install [\,OPTION\/]... \,-d DIRECTORY\/...


This install program copies files (often just compiled) into destination locations you choose. If you want to download and install a ready-to-use package on a GNU/Linux system, you should instead be using a package manager like yum(1) or apt-get(1).
In the first three forms, copy SOURCE to DEST or multiple SOURCE(s) to the existing DIRECTORY, while setting permission modes and owner/group. In the 4th form, create all components of the given DIRECTORY(ies).
Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
make a backup of each existing destination file
-b like --backup but does not accept an argument
-c (ignored)
-C, --compare
compare each pair of source and destination files, and in some cases, do not modify the destination at all
-d, --directory
treat all arguments as directory names; create all components of the specified directories
-D create all leading components of DEST except the last, or all components of --target-directory, then copy SOURCE to DEST
-g, --group=\,GROUP\/
set group ownership, instead of process’ current group
-m, --mode=\,MODE\/
set permission mode (as in chmod), instead of rwxr-xr-x
-o, --owner=\,OWNER\/
set ownership (super-user only)
-p, --preserve-timestamps
apply access/modification times of SOURCE files to corresponding destination files
-s, --strip
strip symbol tables
program used to strip binaries
-S, --suffix=\,SUFFIX\/
override the usual backup suffix
-t, --target-directory=\,DIRECTORY\/
copy all SOURCE arguments into DIRECTORY
-T, --no-target-directory
treat DEST as a normal file
-v, --verbose
print the name of each directory as it is created
-P, --preserve-context
preserve SELinux security context (-P deprecated)
-Z set SELinux security context of destination file and each created directory to default type
like -Z, or if CTX is specified then set the SELinux or SMACK security context to CTX
--help display this help and exit
output version information and exit
The backup suffix is ’~’, unless set with --suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX. The version control method may be selected via the --backup option or through the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable. Here are the values:
none, off
never make backups (even if --backup is given)
numbered, t
make numbered backups
existing, nil
numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise
simple, never
always make simple backups


Written by David MacKenzie.


GNU coreutils online help: <>
Report any translation bugs to <>


Copyright © 2020 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.


Full documentation <>
or available locally via: info \(aq(coreutils) install invocation\(aq


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