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sccs-admin(1)

SunOS 5.11
2019/11/11
Aliases: admin(1)

sccs

Source Code Control System

NAME

sccs-admin, admin - create and administer SCCS history files

SYNOPSIS

/usr/ccs/bin/admin [-bhknoz] [-a username | groupid]...
[-d flag]... [-e username |groupid ]...
[-f flag[value]]... [-i[ filename]] [-m mr-list]
[-q [nsedelim]] [-w %W%-string]
[-r release] [-t[ description-file]] [-y[ comment]]
[-N bulk-spec] s.filename...

DESCRIPTION

The admin command creates or modifies the flags and other parameters of SCCS history files. Filenames of SCCS history files begin with the ‘s.’ prefix, and are referred to as s.files, or ‘‘history’’ files.
The named s.file is created if it does not exist already. Its parameters are initialized or modified according to the options you specify. Parameters not specified are given default values when the file is initialized, otherwise they remain unchanged.
If a directory name is used in place of the s.filename argument, the admin command applies to all s.files in that directory. Unreadable s.files produce an error. The use of ‘-’ as the s.filename argument indicates that the names of files are to be read from the standard input, one s.file per line.

OPTIONS

The following options are supported:
-a username | groupid
Adds a user name, or a numerical group ID, to the list of users who may check deltas in or out. If the list is empty, any user is allowed to do so.
-b Forces encoding of binary data. Files that contain ASCII NUL, that contain lines that start with the the SCCS control character SOH(ASCII 001) or that do not end with a NEWLINE, are recognized as binary data files when using the SCCSv4 history file format. The contents of such files are stored in the history file in encoded form. See uuencode(1C) for details about the encoding. This option is normally used in conjunction with -i to force admin to encode initial versions not recognized as containing binary data.
The new SCCSv6 history file format permits to have lines that start with the SCCS control character SOH(ASCII 001) and files that do not end with a NEWLINE, enforcing the binary file format only if a file contains ASCII NUL characters.
-d flag
Deletes the indicated flag from the SCCS file. The -d option may be specified only for existing s.files. See -f for the list of recognized flags.
-e username | groupid
Erases a user name or group ID from the list of users allowed to make deltas.
-f flag [value]
Sets the indicated flag to the (optional) value specified. The following flags are recognized:
b Enables branch deltas. When b is set, branches can be created using the -b option of the SCCS get command (see sccs-get(1)).
cceil Sets a ceiling on the releases that can be checked out. ceil is a number less than or equal to 9999. If c is not set, the ceiling is 9999.
dsid Specifies the default delta number, or SID, to be used by an SCCS get command.
ffloor Sets a floor on the releases that can be checked out. The floor is a number greater than 0 but less than 9999. If f is not set, the floor is 1.
i[value]
Treats the ‘No id keywords (cm7)’ message issued by an SCCS get or delta command as an error rather than a warning.
If the parameter value to the ‘i’ flag is not empty, then it holds a line fragment with keywords starting with a ‘%’, e.g.
%Z%%M% %I% %E%
This line fragment needs to exactly match a part of a line in the file and to result in expanded keywords. The string must begin with a keyword, and may not have embedded newline characters. If no match was found, an attempt to check in a new delta will fail. The parameter to the ‘i’ flag is a SUN extension that was adopted by the POSIX standard.
j Allow concurrent get -e calls for editing on the same base SID of an SCCS file. This allows multiple concurrent updates to take place on the same version of the SCCS file.
la
l release[, release...]
Locks the indicated list of releases against deltas. An SCCS ‘get -e’ command fails when applied against a locked release. The following syntax is accepted to specify a list:
<list> ::= a | <range-list>
<range-list> ::= <range> | <range-list>, <range>
<range> ::= <SID>
The character a in the list is the equivalent to specifying all releases for the named SCCS file. The non-terminal <SID> in range is the delta number of an existing delta associated with the SCCS file.
mmodule
Supplies a value for the module name to which the %M% keyword is to expand. If the m flag is not specified, the value assigned is the name of the SCCS file with the leading s. removed.
n Creates empty releases when releases are skipped. These null (empty) deltas serve as anchor points for branch deltas.
qvalue Supplies a value to which the %Q% keyword is to expand when a read-only version is retrieved with the SCCS get command.
snumber
Specifies how many lines of code are scanned for the SCCS keyword.
This flag is a SUN extension that does not exist in historic sccs implementations.
ttype Supplies a value for the module type to which the %Y% keyword is to expand.
v[program]
Specifies a validation program for the MR numbers associated with a new delta. The optional program specifies the name of an MR number validity checking program. If this flag is set when creating an SCCS file, the -m option must also be used, in which case the list of MRs may be empty.
The v flag and the z flag are mutually exclusive.
x Enable sccs extensions that are not implemented in classical sccs variants. If the ‘x’ flag is enabled, the keywords %d%, %e%, %g% and %h% are expanded even though the ‘y’ flag was not set.
This flag is a SCHILY extension that does not exist in historic sccs implementations.
This version of SCCS implements compatibility support for a SCO SCCS extension that sets the executable bit in the file permissions of a gotten file if the x-flag was set in the history file with no parameter. This version of SCCS does not allow to set this variant of the x-flag in the history file. If you like to get executable files from SCCS, set the executable bit in the file permissions of the history file.
y[value,[value]]
Specifies the SCCS keywords to be expanded. If no value is specified, no keywords will be expanded. The value ‘*’ controls the expansion of the %sccs.include. filename% keyword. If the letters d, e, g or h are present, the related extended keywords are expanded even though the ‘x’ flag was not set, see ‘x’ flag above.
If value is set to an empty string, no keywords will be expanded and the ‘No id keywords (cm7)’ message will not be created even though no keyword was expanded.
This flag is a SUN/SCHILY extension that does not exist in historic sccs implementations.
The suppressed ‘No id keywords (cm7)’ message is a SCHILY extension.
zapplication
The name of an application for the CMF enhancements. CMF enhancements are currently undocumented and it is not known how they are expected to work.
The v flag and the z flag are mutually exclusive.
This flag is a SUN extension that does not exist in historic sccs implementations.
-h Checks the structure of an existing s.file (see sccsfile(4)), and compares a newly computed check-sum with one stored in the first line of that file. -h inhibits writing on the file and so nullifies the effect of any other options.
-i[filename]
Initializes the history file with text from the indicated file. This text constitutes the initial delta, or set of checked-in changes. If filename is omitted, the initial text is obtained from the standard input. Omitting the -i option altogether creates an empty s.file. You can only initialize one s.file with text using -i unless you use the bulk option -N. The -i option implies the -n option.
If you like to initialize more than one s.file in one call, use the -N option and specify -i. (-i followed by a dot).
-k Suppresses expansion of ID keywords when admin(1) is doing an implicit get(1) operation because -N+... was specified.
This option is a SCHILY extension that does not exist in historic sccs implementations.
-m mr-list
Inserts the indicated Modification Request (MR) numbers into the commentary for the initial version. When specifying more than one MR number on the command line, mr-list takes the form of a quoted, space-separated list. A warning results if the v flag is not set or the MR validation fails.
-Nbulk-spec
Creates a bulk of new SCCS history files. This option allows to do an efficient mass creation of SCCS history files and to initialize the SCCS history files from named files that are the respective counterpart to the actual SCCS history file.
The bulk-spec parameter is composed from an optional list of flag parameters followed by an optional path specifier.
The following flag types are supported:
- If bulk-spec is preceded by a ‘-’, admin(1) removes the original g-files after the initial history files have been created. This flag cannot be used together with the ‘,’ flag.
+ If bulk-spec is preceded by a ‘+’, admin(1) removes the original g-files and replaces them by file content that is retrieved by a get(1) operation on the related s.file. This flag can be used together with the ‘,’ flag.
, If bulk-spec is preceded by a ‘,’, admin(1) renames the g-file from where the SCCS history file was initialized from to ,name similar to what happens with sccs create. It is recommended to let admin(1) rename the original file as this file usually contains unexpanded keywords and as this file usually is writable.
space This is a placeholder dummy flag that allows to use a prepared string for the -N option and to replace the space character by one of the supported flags on demand.
If sccs is used in forced delta mode where no sccs edit is needed, it is recommended to use no flag character in the bulk-spec in order to retain a writable g-file.
The following path specifier types are supported:
-N The file name parameters to the admin command are not s.filename files but the names of the g-files. The s.filename names are automatically derived from the g-file names by prepending s. to the last path name component. Both, s.filename and the g-file are in the same directory.
-Ns. The file name parameters to the admin command are s.filename files. The the g-files names are automatically derived by removing s. from the beginning of last path name component of the s.filename. Both, s.filename and the g-file are in the same directory.
-Ndir The file name parameters to the admin command are not s.filename files but the names of the g-files. The s.filename names are put into directory dir, the names are automatically derived from the g-file names by prepending dir/s. to the last path name component.
-Ndir/s. The file name parameters to the admin command are s.filename files in directory dir. The the g-files names are automatically derived by removing dir/s. from the beginning of last path name component of the s.filename.
A typical value for dir is SCCS.
In order to overcome the limited number of exec(2) arguments, it is recommended to use ‘-’ as the file name parameter for admin(1) and to send a list of path names to stdin. If admin(1) is called via sccs(1), it is recommended to leave out the ‘-’ to prevent sccs(1) from trying to expand the file names from stdin into an arg vector.
This option is a SCHILY extension that does not exist in historic sccs implementations.
-n Creates a new SCCS history file.
-o Use the original time of the existing file for the delta time when creating a new s.file. In NSE mode, this is the default behavior. If admin(1) is doing an implicit get(1) operation because -N+... was specified, the new g-file is also set to the original file date.
This option is a SCHILY extension that does not exist in historic sccs implementations.
-q[nsedelim]
Enable NSE mode. If NSE mode is enabled, several NSE related extensions may be used. In this release, the value of nsedelim is ignored.
In NSE mode, admin behaves as if the -o option was specified and never issues a warning about missing id keywords.
This option is an undocumented SUN extension that does not exist in historic sccs implementations.
-rrelease
Specifies the release for the initial delta. -r may be used only in conjunction with -i. The initial delta is inserted into release 1 if this option is omitted. The level of the initial delta is always 1. Initial deltas are named 1.1 by default.
-t[description-file]
Inserts descriptive text from the file description-file. When -t is used in conjunction with -n, or -i to initialize a new s.file, the description-file must be supplied. When modifying the description for an existing file: a -t option without a description-file removes the descriptive text, if any; a -t option with a description-file replaces the existing text.
-w%W%-string
The %W%-string is used as a replacement for the %W% keyword when admin(1) is doing an implicit get(1) operation because -N+... was specified. If -w was not specified, %W% is expanded to %Z%%M% %I%, otherwise the argument from -w is used.
This option is an undocumented SUN extension that does not exist in historic sccs implementations.
-Xextended-options
Specify extended options. The argument extended-options may be a comma separated list of extended option names.
The following extended options are supported, they may be abbreviated as long ad the abbreviation is still unique. Options with parameter may not be abbreviated.
Gp=initial_path
Set the initial path meta data in the history file. If specified with an empty argument, no initial path meta data will appear in the history file. This option exists in order to permit comb(1) to reatain the initial path from the original file. If this option was specified, only one file type argiment is permitted.
Gr=urand
Set the unified random meta data in the history file. If specified with an empty argument, no unified random meta data will appear in the history file. This option exists in order to permit comb(1) to reatain the unified random from the original file. If this option was specified, only one file type argiment is permitted.
mail=address
Set address as e-mail address in the delta table for the SID in case the history file has just been created with admin.
unlink If used together with the option -n, this makes the initial release a special release that unlinks (removes) the g-file by using the get(1) command in case the file exists as non-writable file. The default SID used in this case is 1.0, in order to permit a 1.1 release with file content later in the same history file.
help Print a short online help for available options.
The -X option is a SCHILY extension that does not exist in historic sccs implementations.
-V
-version
--version
Prints the admin version number string and exists.
This option is a SCHILY extension that does not exist in historic sccs implementations.
-V6 When used together with -i of -n, admin(1) will create a SCCS v6 history file instead of a SCCS v4 history file. SCCS v6 history files are not understood by historic SCCS implementations. See sccsfile(4) for more information on the new features.
This option is a SCHILY extension that does not exist in historic sccs implementations.
-y[comment]
Inserts the indicated comment in the ‘‘Comments:’’ field for the initial delta. Valid only in conjunction with -i or -n. If -y option is omitted, a default comment line is inserted that notes the date and time the history file was created.
-z Recomputes the file check-sum and stores it in the first line of the s.file. Caution: It is important to verify the contents of the history file (see sccs-val(1), and the print subcommand in sccs(1)), since using -z on a truly corrupted file may prevent detection of the error.

EXAMPLES

Example 1 Preventing SCCS keyword expansion
In the following example, 10 lines of file will be scanned and only the W,Y,X keywords will be interpreted:
example%

sccs admin -fs10 file
example%

sccs admin -fyW,Y,X file
example%

get file
Example 2 Preventing SCCS keyword expansion and suppressing the ‘No id keywords (cm7)’ warning
In the following example, no keywords will be interpreted and no warning will be generated:
example%

sccs admin -fy file
example%

get file
Example 3 Mass entering files with auto-initialization
In the following example, all files in the usr/src tree will be put under SCCS and the SCCS history files will be put into SCCS sub directories:
example%

find usr/src -type f | sccs admin -NSCCS -i.
The original g-files will be left untouched.
Example 4 Mass entering files with auto-initialization
In the following example, all files in the usr/src tree will be put under SCCS and the SCCS history files will be put into SCCS sub directories. Each original file will be renamed to ,file after the file has been successfully put under SCCS control:
example%

find usr/src -type f | sccs admin -N,SCCS -i.
Example 5 Entering all files in a directory with auto-initialization
In the following example, all files in the current directory will be put under SCCS and the SCCS history files will be put into the SCCS sub directory:
example%

sccs admin -NSCCS -i. .
The original g-files will be left untouched.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment variables that affect the execution of admin(1): LANG, LC_ALL, LC_COLLATE, LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, and NLSPATH.
SCCS_NO_HELP
If set, admin(1) will not automatically call help(1) with the SCCS error code in order to print a more helpful error message. Scripts that depend on the exact error messages of SCCS commands should set the environment variable SCCS_NO_HELP and set LC_ALL=C.
SCCS_V6
If set, admin(1) by default creates new history files with SCCS v6 encoding.

EXIT STATUS

The following exit values are returned:
0 Successful completion.
1 An error occurred.

FILES

e.file temporary file to hold an uuencoded version of the g-file in case of an encoded history file
s.file SCCS history file, see sccsfile(4).
SCCS/s.file history file in SCCS subdirectory
x.file temporary copy of the s.file; renamed to the s.file after completion.
z.file temporary lock file contains the binary process id in host byte order followed by the host name
dump.core If the file dump.core exists in the current directory and a fatal signal is received, a coredump is initiated via abort(3).

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
ATTRIBUTE TYPE ATTRIBUTE VALUE
Availability SUNWsprot

DIAGNOSTICS

Use the SCCS help command for explanations (see sccs-help(1)).

WARNINGS

The last component of all SCCS filenames must have the ‘s.’ prefix. New SCCS files are given mode 444 (see chmod(1)). All writing done by admin is to a temporary file with an x. prefix, created with mode 444 for a new SCCS file, or with the same mode as an existing SCCS file. After successful execution of admin, the existing s.file is removed and replaced with the x.file. This ensures that changes are made to the SCCS file only when no errors have occurred.
It is recommended that directories containing SCCS files have permission mode 755, and that the s.files themselves have mode 444. The mode for directories allows only the owner to modify the SCCS files contained in the directories, while the mode of the s.files prevents all modifications except those performed using SCCS commands.
If it should be necessary to patch an SCCS file for any reason, the mode may be changed to 644 by the owner to allow use of a text editor. However, extreme care must be taken when doing this. The edited file should always be processed by an ‘admin -h’ command to check for corruption, followed by an ‘admin -z’ command to generate a proper check-sum. Another ‘admin -h’ command is recommended to ensure that the resulting s.file is valid.
admin uses a temporary lock file, starting with the ‘z.’ prefix, to prevent simultaneous updates to the s.file. See sccs-get(1) for further information about the ‘z.file’.

AUTHORS

The SCCS suite was originally written by Marc J. Rochkind at Bell Labs in 1972. Release 4.0 of SCCS, introducing new versions of the programs admin(1), get(1), prt(1), and delta(1) was published on February 18, 1977; it introduced the new text based SCCS v4 history file format (previous SCCS releases used a binary history file format). The SCCS suite was later maintained by various people at AT&T and Sun Microsystems. Since 2006, the SCCS suite is maintained by J..org Schilling.

SOURCE DOWNLOAD

A frequently updated source code for the SCCS suite is included in the schilytools project and may be retrieved from the schilytools project at Sourceforge at:
The download directory is:
Check for the schily-*.tar.bz2 archives.
Less frequently updated source code for the SCCS suite is at:
Separate project informations for the SCCS project may be retrieved from:
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