scgcheck - check and validate the ABI of libscg
scgcheck [ options ]
Scgcheck is used to check and verify the Application Binary Interface of libscg.
Most users do not need to care about device naming at all, as in -auto mode, scgcheck implements auto target support and automagically finds a test drive in case that exactly one CD-ROM type drive is available in the system.
|-version||Print version information and exit.|
|-auto||Instead of asking to confirm each test before runing it, scgcheck tries to do a fully automated test.|
|Set the SCSI target for the device, see notes above. A typical target device specification is dev=1,6,0 . If a filename must be provided together with the numerical target specification, the filename is implementation specific. The correct filename in this case can be found in the system specific manuals of the target operating system. On a FreeBSD system without CAM support, you need to use the control device (e.g. /dev/rcd0.ctl). A correct device specification in this case may be dev=/dev/rcd0.ctl:@ .
General SCSI addressing
The target device to the dev= option refers to scsibus/target/lun of the device. Communication on SunOS is done with the SCSI general driver scg. Other operating systems are using a library simulation of this driver. Possible syntax is: dev= scsibus,target,lun or dev= target,lun. In the latter case, the device has to be connected to the default SCSI bus of the machine. Scsibus, target and lun are integer numbers. Some operating systems or SCSI transport implementations may require to specify a filename in addition. In this case the correct syntax for the device is: dev= devicename:scsibus,target,lun or dev= devicename:target,lun. If the name of the device node that has been specified on such a system refers to exactly one SCSI device, a shorthand in the form dev= devicename:@ or dev= devicename:@,lun may be used instead of dev= devicename:scsibus,target,lun.
Remote SCSI addressing
To access remote SCSI devices, you need to prepend the SCSI device name by a remote device indicator. The remote device indicator is either REMOTE:user@host: or REMOTE:host: A valid remote SCSI device name may be: REMOTE:user@host: to allow remote SCSI bus scanning or REMOTE:user@host:1,0,0 to access the SCSI device at host connected to SCSI bus # 1,target 0, lun 0. In order to allow remote access to a specific host, the rscsi(1) program needs to be present and configured on the host.
Alternate SCSI transports
ATAPI drives are just SCSI drives that inherently use the ATA packet interface as SCSI command transport layer build into the IDE (ATA) transport. You may need to specify an alternate transport layer on the command line if your OS does not implement a fully integrated kernel driver subsystem that allows to access any drive using SCSI commands via a single unique user interface.
To access SCSI devices via alternate transport layers, you need to prepend the SCSI device name by a transport layer indicator. The transport layer indicator may be something like USCSI: or ATAPI:. To get a list of supported transport layers for your platform, use dev= HELP:
To make scgcheck portable to all UNIX platforms, the syntax dev= devicename:scsibus,target,lun is preferred as it hides OS specific knowledge about device names from the user. A specific OS may not necessarily support a way to specify a real device file name nor a way to specify scsibus,target,lun.
Scsibus 0 is the default SCSI bus on the machine. Watch the boot messages for more information or look into /var/adm/messages for more information about the SCSI configuration of your machine. If you have problems to figure out what values for scsibus,target,lun should be used, try the -scanbus option of scgcheck described below.
If no dev= option is present, or if it only contains a transport specifyer but no address notation, scgcheck tries to scan the SCSI address space for CD-ROM drives. If exactly one is found, this is used by default.
|Set the default SCSI command timeout value to #seconds. The default SCSI command timeout is the minimum timeout used for sending SCSI commands. If a SCSI command fails due to a timeout, you may try to raise the default SCSI command timeout above the timeout value of the failed command. If the command runs correctly with a raised command timeout, please report the better timeout value and the corresponding command to the author of the program. If no timeout option is present, a default timeout of 40 seconds is used.|
|Set the misc debug value to # (with debug=#) or increment the misc debug level by one (with -d). If you specify -dd, this equals to debug=2. This may help to find problems while opening a driver for libscg. as well as with sector sizes and sector types. Using -debug slows down the process and may be the reason for a buffer underrun.|
|Tell the scg-driver to modify the kernel debug value while SCSI commands are running.|
|A comma separated list of SCSI options that are handled by libscg. The implemented options may be uptated indepentendly from applications. Currently, one option: ignore-resid is supported to work around a Linux kernel bug.|
|Do not print out a status report for failed SCSI commands.|
|-v||Increment the level of general verbosity by one. This is used e.g. to display the progress of the process.|
|-V||Increment the verbose level with respect of SCSI command transport by one. This helps to debug problems during the process, that occur in the CD-Recorder. If you get incomprehensible error messages you should use this flag to get more detailed output. -VV will show data buffer content in addition. Using -V or -VV slows down the process.|
|Specify the log file to be used instead of check.log.|
When using scgcheck with the broken Linux SCSI generic driver. You should note that scgcheck uses a hack, that tries to emulate the functionality of the scg driver. Unfortunately, the sg driver on Linux has several severe bugs:
|o||It cannot see if a SCSI command could not be sent at all.|
|o||It cannot get the SCSI status byte. Scgcheck for that reason cannot report failing SCSI commands in some situations.|
|o||It cannot get real DMA count of transfer. Scgcheck cannot tell you if there is an DMA residual count.|
|o||It cannot get number of bytes valid in auto sense data. Scgcheck cannot tell you if device transfers no sense data at all.|
|o||It fetches to few data in auto request sense (CCS/SCSI-2/SCSI-3 needs >= 18).|
A typical error message for a SCSI command looks like:
scgcheck: I/O error. test unit ready: scsi sendcmd: no error CDB: 00 20 00 00 00 00 status: 0x2 (CHECK CONDITION) Sense Bytes: 70 00 05 00 00 00 00 0A 00 00 00 00 25 00 00 00 00 00 Sense Key: 0x5 Illegal Request, Segment 0 Sense Code: 0x25 Qual 0x00 (logical unit not supported) Fru 0x0 Sense flags: Blk 0 (not valid) cmd finished after 0.002s timeout 40s
The second line prints the SCSI command descriptor block for the failed command.
The third line gives information on the SCSI status code returned by the command, if the transport of the command succeeds. This is error information from the SCSI device.
The fourth line is a hex dump of the auto request sense information for the command.
The fifth line is the error text for the sense key if available, followed by the segment number that is only valid if the command was a copy command. If the error message is not directly related to the current command, the text deferred error is appended.
The sixth line is the error text for the sense code and the sense qualifier if available. If the type of the device is known, the sense data is decoded from tables in scsierrs.c. The text is followed by the error value for a field replaceable unit.
The seventh line prints the block number that is related to the failed command and text for several error flags. The block number may not be valid.
The eight line reports the timeout set up for this command and the time that the command realy needed to complete.
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