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Simple (or small or suckless) X Image Viewer


sxiv - Simple X Image Viewer


sxiv [-abcfhiopqrtvZ] [-A FRAMERATE] [-e WID] [-G GAMMA] [-g GEOMETRY] [-N NAME] [-n NUM] [-S DELAY] [-s MODE] [-z ZOOM] FILE...


sxiv is a simple image viewer for X.
It has two modes of operation: image and thumbnail mode. The default is image mode, in which only the current image is shown. In thumbnail mode a grid of small previews is displayed, making it easy to choose an image to open.
Please note, that the fullscreen mode requires an EWMH/NetWM compliant window manager.


Play animations with a constant frame rate set to FRAMERATE.
-a Play animations of multi-frame images.
-b Do not show info bar on bottom of window.
-c Remove all orphaned cache files from the thumbnail cache directory and exit.
-e WID Embed sxiv’s window into window whose ID is WID.
-f Start in fullscreen mode.
Set image gamma to GAMMA (-32..32).
Set window position and size. See section GEOMETRY SPECIFICATIONS of X(7) for more information on GEOMETRY argument.
-N NAME Set the resource name of sxiv’s X window to NAME.
-n NUM Start at picture number NUM.
-h Print brief usage information to standard output and exit.
-i Read names of files to open from standard input. Also done if FILE is ‘-’.
-o Write list of all marked files to standard output when quitting. In combination with -i sxiv can be used as a visual filter/pipe.
-p Enable private mode, in which sxiv does not write any cache or temporary files.
-q Be quiet, disable warnings to standard error stream.
-r Search the given directories recursively for images to view.
Start in slideshow mode. Set the delay between images to DELAY seconds. DELAY may be a floating point number.
-s MODE Set scale mode according to MODE character. Supported modes are: [d]own, [f]it, [w]idth, [h]eight.
-t Start in thumbnail mode.
-v Print version information to standard output and exit.
-Z The same as ‘-z 100’.
-z ZOOM Set zoom level to ZOOM percent.



The following keyboard commands are available in both image and thumbnail mode:
0-9 Prefix the next command with a number (denoted via count).
q Quit sxiv.
Return Switch to thumbnail mode / open selected image in image mode.
f Toggle fullscreen mode.
b Toggle visibility of info bar on bottom of window.
Ctrl-x Send the next key to the external key-handler. See section EXTERNAL KEY HANDLER for more information.
g Go to the first image.
G Go to the last image, or image number count.
r Reload image.
D Remove current image from file list and go to next image.
Ctrl-h, Ctrl-Left
Scroll left one screen width.
Ctrl-j, Ctrl-Down
Scroll down one screen height.
Ctrl-k, Ctrl-Up
Scroll up one screen height.
Ctrl-l, Ctrl-Right
Scroll right one screen width.
+ Zoom in.
- Zoom out.
m Mark/unmark the current image.
M Reverse all image marks.
Ctrl-M Repeat last mark action on all images from the last marked/unmarked up to the current one.
Ctrl-m Remove all image marks.
N Go count marked images forward.
P Go count marked images backward.
{ Decrease gamma correction by count steps.
} Increase gamma correction by count steps.
Ctrl-g Reset gamma correction.

Thumbnail mode

The following keyboard commands are only available in thumbnail mode:
h, Left
Move selection left count times.
j, Down
Move selection down count times.
k, Up Move selection up count times.
l, Right
Move selection right count times.
R Reload all thumbnails.

Image mode

The following keyboard commands are only available in image mode:
Navigate image list:
n, Space
Go count images forward.
p, Backspace
Go count images backward.
[ Go count * 10 images backward.
] Go count * 10 images forward.
Handle multi-frame images:
Go count frames of a multi-frame image forward.
Ctrl-p Go count frames of a multi-frame image backward.
Play/stop animations of multi-frame images.
h, Left
Scroll image 1/5 of window width or count pixel left.
j, Down
Scroll image 1/5 of window height or count pixel down.
k, Up Scroll image 1/5 of window height or count pixel up.
l, Right
Scroll image 1/5 of window width or count pixel right.
H Scroll to left image edge.
J Scroll to bottom image edge.
K Scroll to top image edge.
L Scroll to right image edge.
Set zoom level to 100%, or count%.
w Set zoom level to 100%, but fit large images into window.
W Fit image to window.
e Fit image to window width.
E Fit image to window height.
Rotate image counter-clockwise by 90 degrees.
> Rotate image clockwise by 90 degrees.
? Rotate image by 180 degrees.
Flip image horizontally.
_ Flip image vertically.
Toggle anti-aliasing.
A Toggle visibility of alpha-channel, i.e. image transparency.
s Toggle slideshow mode and/or set the delay between images to count seconds.


The following mouse mappings are available in image mode:
Switch to thumbnail mode.
Navigate image list:
Go to the next image if the mouse cursor is in the right part of the window or to the previous image if it is in the left part.
Pan the image according to the mouse cursor position in the window while keeping this button pressed down.
Zoom in.
Zoom out.


The following X resources are supported:
Color of the window background and bar foreground
Color of the window foreground and bar background
font Name of Xft bar font
Please see xrdb(1) on how to change them.


The information displayed on the left side of the status bar can be replaced with the output of a user-provided script, which is called by sxiv whenever an image gets loaded. The path of this script is $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/sxiv/exec/image-info and the arguments given to it are: 1) path to image file, 2) image width, 3) image height.
There is also an example script installed together with sxiv as /usr/share/sxiv/exec/image-info.


Additional external keyboard commands can be defined using a handler program located in $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/sxiv/exec/key-handler. The handler is invoked by pressing Ctrl-x. The next key combo is passed as its first argument. Passed via stdin are the images to act upon, one path per line: all marked images, if in thumbnail mode and at least one image has been marked, otherwise the current image. sxiv(1) will block until the handler terminates. It then checks which images have been modified and reloads them.
The key combo argument has the following form: "[C-][M-][S-]KEY", where C/M/S indicate Ctrl/Meta(Alt)/Shift modifier states and KEY is the X keysym as listed in /usr/include/X11/keysymdef.h without the "XK_" prefix.
There is also an example script installed together with sxiv as /usr/share/sxiv/exec/key-handler.


sxiv stores all thumbnails under $XDG_CACHE_HOME/sxiv/.
Use the command line option -c to remove all orphaned cache files. Additionally, run the following command afterwards inside the cache directory to remove empty subdirectories:
find . -depth -type d -empty ! -name ’.’ -exec rmdir {} \;


Bert Muennich <ber.t at>


Bastien Dejean <nihilhill at> Dave Reisner <d at> Fung SzeTat <sthorde at> Max Voit <mvdev at>


X(7), xrdb(1)
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