Linux repositories inspector


March 27, 2014


Manual pages for a GNU/kFreeBSD system


cap_rights_limit - limit capability rights


.Lb libc


.In sys/capsicum.h int cap_rights_limit int fd const cap_rights_t *rights


When a file descriptor is created by a function such as accept(2), accept4(2), fhopen(2), kqueue(2), mq_open(2), open(2), openat(2), pdfork(2), pipe(2), shm_open(2), socket(2) or socketpair(2), it is assigned all capability rights. Those rights can be reduced (but never expanded) by using the cap_rights_limit system call. Once capability rights are reduced, operations on the file descriptor will be limited to those permitted by rights.
The rights argument should be prepared using cap_rights_init(3) family of functions.
Capability rights assigned to a file descriptor can be obtained with the cap_rights_get(3) function.
The complete list of the capability rights can be found in the rights(4) manual page.


.Rv -std


The following example demonstrates how to limit file descriptor capability rights to allow reading only.
cap_rights_t setrights;
char buf[1];
int fd;

fd = open("/tmp/foo", O_RDWR); if (fd < 0) err(1, "open() failed");
if (cap_enter() < 0) err(1, "cap_enter() failed");
cap_rights_init(&setrights, CAP_READ); if (cap_rights_limit(fd, &setrights) < 0) err(1, "cap_rights_limit() failed");
buf[0] = ’X’;
if (write(fd, buf, sizeof(buf)) > 0) errx(1, "write() succeeded!");
if (read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf)) < 0) err(1, "read() failed");


cap_rights_limit succeeds unless:
The fd argument is not a valid active descriptor.
An invalid right has been requested in rights.
The rights argument contains capability rights not present for the given file descriptor. Capability rights list can only be reduced, never expanded.


Support for capabilities and capabilities mode was developed as part of the TrustedBSD Project.


This function was created by
.An Pawel Jakub Dawidek Aq Mt under sponsorship of the FreeBSD Foundation.
⇧ Top