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cap_rights_get(2freebsd)

March 27, 2014

freebsd-manpages

Manual pages for a GNU/kFreeBSD system

NAME

cap_rights_limit - limit capability rights

LIBRARY


.Lb libc

SYNOPSIS


.In sys/capsicum.h int cap_rights_limit int fd const cap_rights_t *rights

DESCRIPTION

When a file descriptor is created by a function such as accept(2), accept4(2), fhopen(2), kqueue(2), mq_open(2), open(2), openat(2), pdfork(2), pipe(2), shm_open(2), socket(2) or socketpair(2), it is assigned all capability rights. Those rights can be reduced (but never expanded) by using the cap_rights_limit system call. Once capability rights are reduced, operations on the file descriptor will be limited to those permitted by rights.
The rights argument should be prepared using cap_rights_init(3) family of functions.
Capability rights assigned to a file descriptor can be obtained with the cap_rights_get(3) function.
The complete list of the capability rights can be found in the rights(4) manual page.

RETURN VALUES


.Rv -std

EXAMPLES

The following example demonstrates how to limit file descriptor capability rights to allow reading only.
cap_rights_t setrights;
char buf[1];
int fd;

fd = open("/tmp/foo", O_RDWR); if (fd < 0) err(1, "open() failed");
if (cap_enter() < 0) err(1, "cap_enter() failed");
cap_rights_init(&setrights, CAP_READ); if (cap_rights_limit(fd, &setrights) < 0) err(1, "cap_rights_limit() failed");
buf[0] = ’X’;
if (write(fd, buf, sizeof(buf)) > 0) errx(1, "write() succeeded!");
if (read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf)) < 0) err(1, "read() failed");

ERRORS

cap_rights_limit succeeds unless:
[EBADF]
The fd argument is not a valid active descriptor.
[EINVAL]
An invalid right has been requested in rights.
[ENOTCAPABLE]
The rights argument contains capability rights not present for the given file descriptor. Capability rights list can only be reduced, never expanded.

HISTORY

Support for capabilities and capabilities mode was developed as part of the TrustedBSD Project.

AUTHORS

This function was created by
.An Pawel Jakub Dawidek Aq Mt under sponsorship of the FreeBSD Foundation.
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