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setgroups(2freebsd)

January 19, 2018

freebsd-manpages

Manual pages for a GNU/kFreeBSD system

NAME

setgroups - set group access list

LIBRARY


.Lb libc

SYNOPSIS


.In sys/param.h
.In unistd.h int setgroups int ngroups const gid_t *gidset

DESCRIPTION

The setgroups system call sets the group access list of the current user process according to the array gidset. The ngroups argument indicates the number of entries in the array and must be no more than {NGROUPS_MAX}+1.
Only the super-user may set a new group list.
The first entry of the group array (gidset[0]) is used as the effective group-ID for the process. This entry is over-written when a setgid program is run. To avoid losing access to the privileges of the gidset[0] entry, it should be duplicated later in the group array. By convention, this happens because the group value indicated in the password file also appears in /etc/group. The group value in the password file is placed in gidset[0] and that value then gets added a second time when the /etc/group file is scanned to create the group set.

RETURN VALUES


.Rv -std setgroups

ERRORS

The setgroups system call will fail if:
[EPERM]
The caller is not the super-user.
[EINVAL]
The number specified in the ngroups argument is larger than the {NGROUPS_MAX}+1 limit.
[EFAULT]
The address specified for gidset is outside the process address space.

HISTORY

The setgroups system call appeared in BSD 4.2 .
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