January 19, 2018
setgroups - set group access list
.In unistd.h int
setgroups int ngroups const gid_t *gidset
setgroupssystem call sets the group access list of the current user process according to the array gidset. The ngroups argument indicates the number of entries in the array and must be no more than
Only the super-user may set a new group list.
The first entry of the group array (gidset) is used as the effective group-ID for the process. This entry is over-written when a setgid program is run. To avoid losing access to the privileges of the gidset entry, it should be duplicated later in the group array. By convention, this happens because the group value indicated in the password file also appears in
/etc/group. The group value in the password file is placed in gidset and that value then gets added a second time when the
/etc/groupfile is scanned to create the group set.
.Rv -std setgroups
setgroupssystem call will fail if:
|The caller is not the super-user.|
|The number specified in the ngroups argument is larger than the
|The address specified for gidset is outside the process address space.|
setgroupssystem call appeared in BSD 4.2 .