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2017-09-15
Aliases: atanhf(3), atanhf(3), atanhf(3), atanhf(3), atanhf(3), atanhf(3), atanhf(3), atanhf(3), atanhf(3), atanhf(3), atanhl(3), atanhl(3), atanhl(3), atanhl(3), atanhl(3), atanhl(3), atanhl(3), atanhl(3), atanhl(3), atanhl(3)

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NAME

atanh, atanhf, atanhl - inverse hyperbolic tangent function

SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>

double atanh(double x); float atanhf(float x); long double atanhl(long double x);
Link with -lm.
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
atanh():
_ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
|| _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
|| /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
|| /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
atanhf(), atanhl():
_ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
|| /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
|| /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION

These functions calculate the inverse hyperbolic tangent of x; that is the value whose hyperbolic tangent is x.

RETURN VALUE

On success, these functions return the inverse hyperbolic tangent of x.
If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.
If x is +0 (-0), +0 (-0) is returned.
If x is +1 or -1, a pole error occurs, and the functions return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, or HUGE_VALL, respectively, with the mathematically correct sign.
If the absolute value of x is greater than 1, a domain error occurs, and a NaN is returned.

ERRORS

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.
The following errors can occur:
Domain error: x less than -1 or greater than +1
errno is set to EDOM. An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised.
Pole error: x is +1 or -1
errno is set to ERANGE (but see BUGS). A divide-by-zero floating-point exception (FE_DIVBYZERO) is raised.

ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
Interface Attribute Value
Thread safety MT-Safe

CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.
The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD.

BUGS

In glibc 2.9 and earlier, when a pole error occurs, errno as set to EDOM instead of the POSIX-mandated ERANGE. Since version 2.10, glibc does the right thing.

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 5.00 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.
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