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catan(3)

2019-03-06
Aliases: catanf(3), catanf(3), catanf(3), catanf(3), catanf(3), catanf(3), catanl(3), catanl(3), catanl(3), catanl(3), catanl(3), catanl(3)

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NAME

catan, catanf, catanl - complex arc tangents

SYNOPSIS

#include <complex.h>
double complex catan(double complex z);
float complex catanf(float complex z);
long double complex catanl(long double complex z);

DESCRIPTION

These functions calculate the complex arc tangent of z. If y = catan(z), then z = ctan(y). The real part of y is chosen in the interval [-pi/2,pi/2].
One has:
```    catan(z) = (clog(1 + i * z) - clog(1 - i * z)) / (2 * i)
```

VERSIONS

These functions first appeared in glibc in version 2.1.

ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
 Interface Attribute Value Thread safety MT-Safe

CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

EXAMPLE

#include <complex.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <stdio.h>
int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
double complex z, c, f;
double complex i = I;
if (argc != 3) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s <real> <imag>\n", argv[0]);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
z = atof(argv[1]) + atof(argv[2]) * I;
c = catan(z);
printf("catan() = %6.3f %6.3f*i\n", creal(c), cimag(c));
f = (clog(1 + i * z) - clog(1 - i * z)) / (2 * i);
printf("formula = %6.3f %6.3f*i\n", creal(f2), cimag(f2));
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS); }