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2017-09-15
Aliases: isfinite(3), isfinite(3), isfinite(3), isfinite(3), isfinite(3), isfinite(3), isfinite(3), isfinite(3), isinf(3), isinf(3), isinf(3), isinf(3), isinf(3), isinf(3), isinf(3), isinf(3), isnan(3), isnan(3), isnan(3), isnan(3), isnan(3), isnan(3), isnan(3), isnan(3), isnormal(3), isnormal(3), isnormal(3), isnormal(3), isnormal(3), isnormal(3), isnormal(3), isnormal(3)

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NAME

fpclassify, isfinite, isnormal, isnan, isinf - floating-point classification macros

SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>

int fpclassify(x);
int isfinite(x);
int isnormal(x);
int isnan(x);
int isinf(x);
Link with -lm.
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
fpclassify(), isfinite(), isnormal():
_ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
isnan():
_ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
|| _XOPEN_SOURCE
|| /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
|| /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
isinf():
_ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
|| /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
|| /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION

Floating point numbers can have special values, such as infinite or NaN. With the macro fpclassify(x) you can find out what type x is. The macro takes any floating-point expression as argument. The result is one of the following values:
FP_NAN x is "Not a Number".
FP_INFINITE x is either positive infinity or negative infinity.
FP_ZERO x is zero.
FP_SUBNORMAL x is too small to be represented in normalized format.
FP_NORMAL if nothing of the above is correct then it must be a normal floating-point number.
The other macros provide a short answer to some standard questions.
isfinite(x) returns a nonzero value if
(fpclassify(x) != FP_NAN && fpclassify(x) != FP_INFINITE)
isnormal(x) returns a nonzero value if (fpclassify(x) == FP_NORMAL)
isnan(x) returns a nonzero value if (fpclassify(x) == FP_NAN)
isinf(x) returns 1 if x is positive infinity, and -1 if x is negative infinity.

ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
Interface Attribute Value
Thread safety MT-Safe

CONFORMING TO

POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, C99.
For isinf(), the standards merely say that the return value is nonzero if and only if the argument has an infinite value.

NOTES

In glibc 2.01 and earlier, isinf() returns a nonzero value (actually: 1) if x is positive infinity or negative infinity. (This is all that C99 requires.)

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 5.00 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.
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