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2017-09-15
Aliases: ilogbf(3), ilogbf(3), ilogbf(3), ilogbf(3), ilogbf(3), ilogbf(3), ilogbl(3), ilogbl(3), ilogbl(3), ilogbl(3), ilogbl(3), ilogbl(3)

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NAME

ilogb, ilogbf, ilogbl - get integer exponent of a floating-point value

SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>
int ilogb(double x);
int ilogbf(float x);
int ilogbl(long double x);
Link with -lm.
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
ilogb():
_ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
|| _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
|| /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
|| /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

ilogbf(), ilogbl():
_ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
|| /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
|| /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION

These functions return the exponent part of their argument as a signed integer. When no error occurs, these functions are equivalent to the corresponding logb(3) functions, cast to int.

RETURN VALUE

On success, these functions return the exponent of x, as a signed integer.
If x is zero, then a domain error occurs, and the functions return FP_ILOGB0.
If x is a NaN, then a domain error occurs, and the functions return FP_ILOGBNAN.
If x is negative infinity or positive infinity, then a domain error occurs, and the functions return INT_MAX.

ERRORS

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.
The following errors can occur:
Domain error: x is 0 or a NaN
An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised, and errno is set to EDOM (but see BUGS).
Domain error: x is an infinity
An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised, and errno is set to EDOM (but see BUGS).

ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
Interface Attribute Value
Thread safety MT-Safe

CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

BUGS

Before version 2.16, the following bugs existed in the glibc implementation of these functions:
* The domain error case where x is 0 or a NaN did not cause errno to be set or (on some architectures) raise a floating-point exception.
* The domain error case where x is an infinity did not cause errno to be set or raise a floating-point exception.

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 5.00 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

REFERENCED BY

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