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rmthostname(3)

J..org Schilling
2020/02/13

librmt-devel-doc

Manual pages for librmt functions

NAME

rmtinit, rmtdebug, rmthostname, rmtfilename, rmtgetconn - initiate a connection to a remote tape server

SYNOPSIS

cc [ flag ... ] file ... -lrmt -lsocket -lnsl [ library ... ]

#include <schily/librmt.h>

void rmtinit(errmsgn, eexit) int (*errmsgn) (int, const char *, ...); void (*eexit) (int);
int rmtdebug(dlevel) int dlevel;
const char *rmtrmt(rmtname) const char *rmtname;
const char *rmtrsh(rshname) const char *rshname;
char *rmtfilename(name) char *name;
char *rmthostname(hostname, hnsize, rmtspec) char *hostname; int hnsize; char *rmtspec;
int rmtgetconn(host, trsize, excode) char *host; int trsize; int excode;

DESCRIPTION

rmtinit()
Is an optional function that allows to set up a function for error printing and a function to be called to exit the program. If rmtinit(3) is not called or any of the function pointers is NULL, the appropriate default function is used instead. The supplied error printing function needs to be compatible with errmsgno(3) and the supplied exit function needs to be compatible with exit(3).
rmtdebug()
allows to set the debug level for the library code. The default debug level is 0 and does not print debug messages.
rmtrmt()
allows to set up a different default path to the remote rmt server program. The default is otherwise /etc/rmt. The RMT environment still overwrites the default set up by rmtrmt(3).
rmtrsh()
allows to set up a different remote login program to the remote rmt server program. The default is otherwise to use rcmd(3). The RSH environment still overwrites the default set up by rmtrsh(3).
rmtfilename()
is given a filename that may be either in remote file syntax ( hostname:filename or user@hostname:filename ) or not. If the argument turns out to be in remote file syntax, a pointer to the filename part is returned.
rmthostname()
This function copies the user/host part of rmtspec which should be in remote file syntax. The first argument is a character array that should be large enough to hold the user/host part of rmtspec. The second argument is the size of the character array. The third argument is a string in remote file syntax.
rmtgetconn()
This function establishes a connection to the remote tape server process. The first parameter is the usr/host part of a string in remote file syntax and should be created via rmthostname(3). The second parameter is the expected maximum transfer size. It is used to set up kernel buffering via setsockopt(3) to increase performance. The third parameter is an alternate exit code to be used instead of the library default if rmtgetconn(3) decides to call exit(3). This allows commands like ufsdump to use the documented exit codes for startup errors.

RETURNS

rmtdebug()
returns the old debug level.
rmtrmt()
returns the old default remote rmt server program path or NULL in case that the default was not overwritten.
rmtrsh()
returns the old default rmt remote login program or NULL in case that the default was not overwritten.
rmtfilename()
returns the filename part of the argument string or NULL in case the argument turns out to be not in remote file syntax.
rmthostname()
returns a pointer to the first argument or NULL in case the rmtspec argument turns out to be not in remote file syntax.
rmtgetconn()
return a file descriptor which is suitable to be used as first argument for functions like rmtopen(3) or rmtwrite(3). If rmtgetconn(3) fails to set up a connection, -1 is returned. If rmtgetconn(3) is unable to find the port number for shell/tcp, the current uid has no entry in the passwd file or the user name includes illegal characters, exit() is called. If you do not like rmtgetconn(3) to exit in this case, call rmtinit(3) before and install a non exiting function as exit(3) handler; rmtgetconn(3) then will return -2 after this function did return.

EXAMPLES


int     remfd;
char    *remfn;
char    host[256];

if ((remfn = rmtfilename(filename)) != NULL) { rmthostname(host, sizeof (host), filename);
if ((remfd = rmtgetconn(host, iosize, 0)) < 0) comerrno(EX_BAD, "Cannot get connection to ’%s’.\n", /* errno not valid !! */ host); }
if (rmtopen(remfd, remfn, mode) < 0) comerr("Cannot open ’%s’.\n", remfn);
if (rmtread(remfd, buf, sizeof(buf) < 0) comerr("Read error on ’%s’.\n", remfn);
rmtclose(remfd);

ENVIRONMENT

RSH If the RSH environment is present, the remote connection will not be created via rcmd(3) but by calling the program pointed to by RSH. Use e.g. RSH=/usr/bin/ssh to create a secure shell connection.
If the environment RSH is empty, then the default rcmd(3) is used even in case rmtrsh(3) has been called.
RMT If the RMT environment is present, the remote tape server will not be the program /etc/rmt but the program pointed to by RMT.
If the environment RMT is empty, then the default /etc/rmt is used even in case rmtrmt(3) has been called.
Note that the remote tape server program name will be ignored if you log in using an account that has been created with a remote tape server program as login shell.

BUGS

For now (late 2002), we know that the following programs are broken and do not implement signal handling correctly:
rsh on SunOS-5.0...SunOS-5.9
ssh from ssh.com
ssh from openssh.org
Sun already did accept a bug report for rsh(1). Openssh.org accepted a bug for their implementation of ssh(1).
If you use rmtgetconn(3) to create a remote connection via an unfixed rsh(1) or ssh(1), be prepared that terminal generated signals may interrupt the remote connection.

AUTHOR

librmt has been written in 1990 by J..org Schilling. In 1995, support for RMT VERSION 1 has been added. librmt is still maintained by J..org Schilling.
J..org Schilling
D-13353 Berlin
Germany
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