IEEE/The Open Group
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer’s Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
atol, atoll — convert a string to a long integer
long atol(const char *str); long long atoll(const char *nptr);
The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1-2008 defers to the ISO C standard.
The call atol(str) shall be equivalent to:
strtol(str, (char **)NULL, 10)
The call atoll(nptr) shall be equivalent to:
strtoll(nptr, (char **)NULL, 10)
except that the handling of errors may differ. If the value cannot be represented, the behavior is undefined.
These functions shall return the converted value if the value can be represented.
No errors are defined.
The following sections are informative.
The atol() function is subsumed by strtol() but is retained because it is used extensively in existing code. If the number is not known to be in range, strtol() should be used because atol() is not required to perform any error checking.
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2008, <stdlib.h>
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
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