IEEE/The Open Group
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer’s Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
fmtmsg — display a message in the specified format on standard error and/or a system console
int fmtmsg(long classification, const char *label, int severity, const char *text, const char *action, const char *tag);
The fmtmsg() function shall display messages in a specified format instead of the traditional printf() function.
The MSGVERB environment variable (for message verbosity) shall determine for fmtmsg() which message components it is to select when writing messages to standard error. The value of MSGVERB shall be a <colon>-separated list of optional keywords. Valid keywords are: label, severity, text, action, and tag. If MSGVERB contains a keyword for a component and the component’s value is not the component’s null value, fmtmsg() shall include that component in the message when writing the message to standard error. If MSGVERB does not include a keyword for a message component, that component shall not be included in the display of the message. The keywords may appear in any order. If MSGVERB is not defined, if its value is the null string, if its value is not of the correct format, or if it contains keywords other than the valid ones listed above, fmtmsg() shall select all components.
Based on a message’s classification component, fmtmsg() shall write a formatted message either to standard error, to the console, or to both.
A formatted message consists of up to five components as defined below. The component classification is not part of a message displayed to the user, but defines the source of the message and directs the display of the formatted message.
|classification||Contains the sum of identifying values constructed from the constants defined below. Any one identifier from a subclass may be used in combination with a single identifier from a different subclass. Two or more identifiers from the same subclass should not be used together, with the exception of identifiers from the display subclass. (Both display subclass identifiers may be used so that messages can be displayed to both standard error and the system console.)
|label||Identifies the source of the message. The format is two fields separated by a <colon>. The first field is up to 10 bytes, the second is up to 14 bytes.|
|severity||Indicates the seriousness of the condition. Identifiers for the levels of severity are:
|text||Describes the error condition that produced the message. The character string is not limited to a specific size. If the character string is empty, then the text produced is unspecified.|
|action||Describes the first step to be taken in the error-recovery process. The fmtmsg() function precedes the action string with the prefix: \(dqTOFIX:\(dq. The action string is not limited to a specific size.|
|tag||An identifier that references on-line documentation for the message. Suggested usage is that tag includes the label and a unique identifying number. A sample tag is \(dqXSI:cat:146\(dq.|
MSGVERB shall determine which components are selected for display to standard error. All message components shall be included in console messages.
The fmtmsg() function shall return one of the following values:
|MM_OK||The function succeeded.|
|MM_NOTOK||The function failed completely.|
|MM_NOMSG||The function was unable to generate a message on standard error, but otherwise succeeded.|
|MM_NOCON||The function was unable to generate a console message, but otherwise succeeded.|
The following sections are informative.
|1.||The following example of fmtmsg():
produces a complete message in the specified message format:
|2.||When the environment variable MSGVERB is set as follows:
and Example 1 is used, fmtmsg() produces:
One or more message components may be systematically omitted from messages generated by an application by using the null value of the argument for that component.
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2008, <fmtmsg.h>
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
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