IEEE/The Open Group

2013

Aliases: remainderf(3p), remainderl(3p)

### man-pages

Linux kernel and C library user-space interface documentation

### man-pages-posix

POSIX Manual Pages

## PROLOG

This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer’s Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

## NAME

remainder, remainderf, remainderl — remainder function

## SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>

double remainder(doublex, doubley); float remainderf(floatx, floaty); long double remainderl(long doublex, long doubley);

## DESCRIPTION

The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1-2008 defers to the ISO C standard.

These functions shall return the floating-point remainder

*r*=*x*-*ny*when*y*is non-zero. The value*n*is the integral value nearest the exact value*x*/*y*. When |*n*-*x*/*y*|=½, the value*n*is chosen to be even.The behavior of

*remainder*() shall be independent of the rounding mode.## RETURN VALUE

Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the floating-point remainder

*r*=*x*-*ny*when*y*is non-zero.On systems that do not support the IEC 60559 Floating-Point option, if

*y*is zero, it is implementation-defined whether a domain error occurs or zero is returned.If

*x*or*y*is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.If

*x*is infinite or*y*is 0 and the other is non-NaN, a domain error shall occur, and a NaN shall be returned.## ERRORS

These functions shall fail if:

These functions may fail if:

Domain Error | The x argument is ±Inf, or the y argument is ±0 and the other argument is non-NaN.
If the integer expression (
math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised. |

Domain Error | The y argument is zero.
If the integer expression (
math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised. |

*The following sections are informative.*## EXAMPLES

None.

## APPLICATION USAGE

On error, the expressions (

*math_errhandling*& MATH_ERRNO) and (*math_errhandling*& MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.## RATIONALE

None.

## FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.

## SEE ALSO

*abs*(),

*div*(),

*feclearexcept*(),

*fetestexcept*(),

*ldiv*()

The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2008,

*Section 4.19*,*Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions*,**<math.h>**## COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .

Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .