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sem_init(3p)

IEEE/The Open Group
2013

man-pages

Linux kernel and C library user-space interface documentation

man-pages-posix

POSIX Manual Pages

PROLOG

This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer’s Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

NAME

sem_init — initialize an unnamed semaphore

SYNOPSIS

#include <semaphore.h>

int sem_init(sem_t *sem, int pshared, unsigned value);

DESCRIPTION

The sem_init() function shall initialize the unnamed semaphore referred to by sem. The value of the initialized semaphore shall be value. Following a successful call to sem_init(), the semaphore may be used in subsequent calls to sem_wait(), sem_timedwait(), sem_trywait(), sem_post(), and sem_destroy(). This semaphore shall remain usable until the semaphore is destroyed.
If the pshared argument has a non-zero value, then the semaphore is shared between processes; in this case, any process that can access the semaphore sem can use sem for performing sem_wait(), sem_timedwait(), sem_trywait(), sem_post(), and sem_destroy() operations.
Only sem itself may be used for performing synchronization. The result of referring to copies of sem in calls to sem_wait(), sem_timedwait(), sem_trywait(), sem_post(), and sem_destroy() is undefined.
If the pshared argument is zero, then the semaphore is shared between threads of the process; any thread in this process can use sem for performing sem_wait(), sem_timedwait(), sem_trywait(), sem_post(), and sem_destroy() operations. The use of the semaphore by threads other than those created in the same process is undefined.
Attempting to initialize an already initialized semaphore results in undefined behavior.

RETURN VALUE

Upon successful completion, the sem_init() function shall initialize the semaphore in sem and return 0. Otherwise, it shall return -1 and set errno to indicate the error.

ERRORS

The sem_init() function shall fail if:
EINVAL The value argument exceeds {SEM_VALUE_MAX}.
ENOSPC A resource required to initialize the semaphore has been exhausted, or the limit on semaphores ( {SEM_NSEMS_MAX}) has been reached.
EPERM The process lacks appropriate privileges to initialize the semaphore.
The following sections are informative.

EXAMPLES

None.

APPLICATION USAGE

None.

RATIONALE

None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.

SEE ALSO

sem_destroy(), sem_post(), sem_timedwait(), sem_trywait()
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2008, <semaphore.h>

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .
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