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Network Interface Management tool similar to ifupdown


ifup - bring a network interface up
ifdown - take a network interface down


ifup [-h] [-a] [-v] [-d] [--allow CLASS] [--with-depends]
[-X EXCLUDEPATS] [-f] [-n] [-s] [--print-dependency {list,dot}] [IFACE [IFACE ...]]
ifdown [-h] [-a] [-v] [-d] [--allow CLASS] [--with-depends]
[-X EXCLUDEPATS] [-f] [-n] [--print-dependency {list,dot}] [IFACE [IFACE ...]]


ifup and ifdown commands can be used to configure (or, respectively, deconfigure) network interfaces based on interface definitions in the config file ifupdown2.conf (defaults to /etc/network/interfaces/ file).
ifquery(8) maybe used in conjunction with ifup and ifdown commands to query and validate applied/running configuration.
ifup always works on the current interfaces(5) file defined in ifupdown2.conf (default /etc/network/interfaces). ifdown works on the last applied interface configuration.
ifup on an already ifup\(aqed interface will re-apply the configuration, skipping already applied configuration wherever possible. In many cases where config commands are idempotent, you will see that ifup/ifdown will reapply the config even if the interface already has that config.
ifup and ifdown understands interface dependency order.
For logical interfaces like vlans, bridges, bonds, ifup creates the interface and ifdown deletes the interface. Use --admin-state option if you only want to administratively bring the interface up/down.
When ifup and ifdown are used with interfaces on command line, they must be have a iface section in the interfaces(5) file.


positional arguments:
IFACE interface list separated by spaces. IFACE list and \(aq-a\(aq argument are mutually exclusive.
optional arguments:
-h, --help
show this help message and exit
-a, --all process all interfaces marked "auto"
-v, --verbose
-d, --debug
output debug info
--allow CLASS
ignore non-"allow-CLASS" interfaces
-w, --with-depends
run with all dependent interfaces. This option is redundant when -a is specified. When \(aq-a\(aq is specified, interfaces are always executed in dependency order.
Exclude interfaces from the list of interfaces to operate on. Can be specified multiple times If the excluded interface has dependent interfaces, (e.g. a bridge or a bond with multiple enslaved interfaces) then each dependent interface must be specified in order to be excluded.
Uses interfaces file instead of default defined in ifupdown2.conf (default /etc/network/interfaces). Also in ifupdown2.conf, users are not allowed to specify their own interfaces file unless disable_cli_interfacesfile is set to 0 (default is 1).
-t {native,json}, --interfaces-format {native,json}
interfaces file format
-f, --force
force run all operations
-n, --no-act
print out what would happen, but don\(aqt do it
-p, --print-dependency {list,dot}
print iface dependency in list or dot format
— admin-state, --no-scripts don\(aqt run any addon modules/scripts. Only bring the interface administratively up/down
-u, --use-current-config
By default ifdown looks at the saved state for interfaces to bring down. This option allows ifdown to look at the current interfaces file. Useful when your state file is corrupted or you want down to use the latest from the interfaces file
-s, --syntax-check
Only run the interfaces file parser


# bringing up all interfaces ifup -a
# bringing up interface list ifup swp1 swp2
# bringing up interface with its dependents ifup br0 --with-depends
# bringing down all interfaces ifdown -a
# bringing down a single interface ifdown swp1
# excluding interfaces using -X option ifdown -X eth0 -a
ifup -X eth0 -a
ifdown -X eth0 -X lo -a
# using verbose -v option to see what is going on ifup -v -a
# using debug -d option to see more of what is going on ifup -d -a
# ignore errors ifup -a -f
ifdown -a -f
# run ifdown and ifup on all interfaces using service command/init script service networking restart
# run ifup on all interfaces using service command/init script service networking start
# ifdown on all interfaces using service command/init script service networking stop
# To run ifup/ifdown on only interfaces that changed see if


Roopa Prabhu <>


Copyright 2014 Cumulus Networks, Inc. All rights reserved.
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