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27 Jun 2012


Miscellaneous utilities specific to Debian


run scripts or programs in a directory


run-parts - run scripts or programs in a directory


run-parts [--test] [--verbose] [--report] [--lsbsysinit] [--regex=RE] [--umask=umask] [--arg=argument] [--exit-on-error] [--help] [--version] [--list] [--reverse] [--] DIRECTORY
run-parts -V


run-parts runs all the executable files named within constraints described below, found in directory directory. Other files and directories are silently ignored.
If neither the --lsbsysinit option nor the --regex option is given then the names must consist entirely of ASCII upper- and lower-case letters, ASCII digits, ASCII underscores, and ASCII minus-hyphens.
If the --lsbsysinit option is given, then the names must not end in .dpkg-old or .dpkg-dist or .dpkg-new or .dpkg-tmp, and must belong to one or more of the following namespaces: the LANANA-assigned namespace (^[a-z0-9]+$); the LSB hierarchical and reserved namespaces (^_?([a-z0-9_.]+-)+[a-z0-9]+$); and the Debian cron script namespace (^[a-zA-Z0-9_-]+$).
If the --regex option is given, the names must match the custom extended regular expression specified as that option’s argument.
Files are run in the lexical sort order (according to the C/POSIX locale character collation rules) of their names unless the --reverse option is given, in which case they are run in the opposite order.


--test print the names of the scripts which would be run, but don’t actually run them.
--list print the names of the all matching files (not limited to executables), but don’t actually run them. This option cannot be used with --test.
-v, --verbose
print the name of each script to stderr before running.
similar to --verbose, but only prints the name of scripts which produce output. The script’s name is printed to whichever of stdout or stderr the script first produces output on.
reverse the scripts’ execution order.
exit as soon as a script returns with a non-zero exit code.
use LSB namespaces instead of classical behavior.
run each script in a separate process session. If you use this option, killing run-parts will not kill the currently running script, it will run until completion.
validate filenames against custom extended regular expression RE. See the EXAMPLES section for an example.
-u, --umask=umask
sets the umask to umask before running the scripts. umask should be specified in octal. By default the umask is set to 022.
-a, --arg=argument
pass argument to the scripts. Use --arg once for each argument you want passed.
-- specifies that this is the end of the options. Any filename after -- will be not be interpreted as an option even if it starts with a hyphen.
-h, --help display usage information and exit.
-V, --version
display version and copyright and exit.


Print the names of all files in /etc that start with ‘p’ and end with ‘d’:
run-parts --list --regex [aq]^p.*d$[aq] /etc


Copyright (C) 1994 Ian Jackson.
Copyright (C) 1996 Jeff Noxon.
Copyright (C) 1996, 1997, 1998 Guy Maor
Copyright (C) 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 Clint Adams
run-parts is free software; see the GNU General Public License version 2 or later for copying conditions. There is no warranty.
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